Donation of Convalescent Plasma

Convalescent Plasma for the Treatment of COVID-19 and Donation of Convalescent Plasma
Use of convalescent plasma to treat COVID-19 patients

People who have recovered from COVID-19 have antibodies – proteins the body uses to fight off infections – to the disease in their blood. Doctors call this convalescent plasma. COVID-19 convalescent plasma has not yet been approved for use by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and is regulated as an investigational product.  A study by Mayo Clinic researchers of 20,000 hospitalized patients transfused with investigational convalescent plasma published in June 2020 concluded there was “robust evidence” it was safe and supported earlier administration of plasma within the clinical course of COVID-19 was “more likely to reduce mortality.” The following pathways are available for the use of COVID-19 convalescent plasma:

Health Care Providers & Facilities

Reporting COVID-19

  • All providers and testing sites must report to Public Health all individuals tested for COVID-19, in accordance with the Illinois Control of Communicable Diseases Code (77 Ill. Adm. Code 690.200(a)(5)).
  • Mandated reporters, such as health care providers, hospitals and laboratories, by law must report probable or confirmed cases of COVID-19 electronically through Illinois’ National Electronic Disease Surveillance System (I-NEDSS) within 24 hours. If they do not have access to I-NEDSS, they can report by mail, telephone or fax to the local health department (for a list see http://www.idph.state.il.us/LHDMap/HealthRegions.aspx) or, if no local health department is available, to the Illinois Department of Public Health Division of Infectious Diseases at 217-785-7165, TTY (hearing impaired use only) 800-547-0466.

Personal Protective Equipment Conservation

The Illinois Department of Public Health is recommending all hospitals and emergency medical services’ (EMS) providers to immediately elevate conservation and contingency strategies relating to personal protective equipment (PPE). Use this guidance to conserve PPE wherever allows, while ensuring the safety of health care personnel. Receiving hospitals remain the responsible party for permitting EMS to restock equipment or supplies after transporting patients.

Personal Protective Equipment Donations

To maximize the availability of personal protective equipment (PPE), the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) released guidance to hospitals and outpatient surgical and procedural centers on March 17, 2020 to limit non-essential adult elective surgery and medical and surgical procedures, including all dental procedures, until further notice. These considerations were requested to assist in limiting the consumption of vital health care resources during the COVID-19 public health emergency.

IDPH is encouraging outpatient surgical and procedural centers, ambulatory surgical treatment centers, and veterinarians to donate unused PPE not immediately needed to assist health care providers, health care facilities, and first responders who are on the front line and actively responding to COVID-19.

Guidance for Congregate Living Facilities

Interim Recommendations to Reduce Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in Congregate Living Facilities: Universal Masking and Enhanced Environmental Disinfection

Purpose

This guidance provides universal masking and environmental disinfection recommendations for congregate living facilities in dealing with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19.

Long Term Care Facilities Guidance

This interim guidance provides guidelines for nursing homes and other long-term care (LTC) facilities regarding restrictions that were instituted to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. The guidance in this document is specifically intended for facilities as defined in the Nursing Home Care Act (210 ILCS 45), and also applies to Supportive Living Facilities, Assisted Living Facilities, Shared Housing Establishments, Sheltered Care Facilities, Specialized Mental Health Rehabilitation Facilities (SMHRF), Intermediate Care Facilities for the Developmentally Disabled (ICF/DD), State-Operated Developmental Centers (SODC), Medically Complex/Developmentally Disabled Facilities (MC/DD), and Illinois Department of Veterans Affairs facilities.

Funeral Homes Guidance

Preventive Actions for Funerals, Visitations, and Memorials

This guidance provides updated recommendations for funeral directors, community and religious leaders, and others who will arrange, conduct, or attend funerals, visitations, and memorials (services) during the COVID-19 pandemic. In Illinois, people have become ill with COVID-19 after attending services. To prevent the spread of COVID-19 at services, there must be strict adherence to preventive measures, such as ensuring that people who should be in isolation or quarantine do not attend in-person services (including family members of the deceased person), limiting the size of the gathering, practicing social distancing (spacing participants six (6) feet apart), and wearing masks throughout the service.

Blood and Plasma Collection Guidance

This guidance provides recommendations for blood drive operations and the sites used for blood drive collections. Early evidence suggests the virus that causes COVID-19 can spread more easily than the seasonal influenza virus, and it appears COVID-19 disease is more deadly. There are precautions persons at blood drives can follow to help prevent the spread of COVID-19.

The Coronavirus and Blood Donations

It is essential to continue collecting blood and blood components to support health care delivery. This guidance is for administration, staff, and volunteers at blood and plasma collection facilities.

Public health guidance may shift. Be aware of updates to IDPH and local health department  recommendations and whether COVID-19 becomes more widespread and/or more clinically severe.

Pregnant Women and Newborns

Purpose

This guidance provides recommendations for the care of pregnant women and newborns during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Prehospital Considerations

Pregnant patients who have confirmed COVID-19, who are persons under investigation (PUIs), or who have active symptoms of COVID-19 should notify the obstetric unit prior to arrival so the facility can make appropriate infection control preparations.  These preparations include  identifying the most appropriate room for labor and delivery, ensuring infection prevention and control supplies and personal protective equipment (PPE) are correctly positioned, and informing health care personnel who will be involved in the patient’s care of infection control expectations.

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