Prevention

What we know
  • No vaccine exists to prevent Zika.
  • Prevent Zika by avoiding mosquito bites.
  • Mosquitoes that spread Zika virus bite mostly during the daytime.
  • Mosquitoes that spread Zika virus also spread dengue and chikungunya viruses.
  • Zika virus can be passed through sex from a person who has Zika virus to his or her sex partners. Condoms (and other barriers to protect against infection) can reduce the chance of getting Zika virus from sex.

Primary strategy to reduce Zika virus-related pregnancy complications is to support women who want to delay or avoid pregnancy

Health care providers should:
  • Discuss prevention of unintended pregnancy with women and couple who live in areas with Zika virus and who want to delay or avoid becoming pregnant.
  • Provide information about birth control methods that best meet their needs (including long-acting reversible contraceptives).
  • Educate patients on Zika virus, including transmission and prevention measures.

Assess intention

Timing a Healthy Pregnancy

Suggested timeframe to wait before trying to get pregnant (as of 8/5/16)
Possible exposure via recent travel or sex without a condom with a partner infected with Zika virus or who had him/herself traveled to a Zika virus-affected area
  Women Men
Zika virus Wait at least 8 weeks after symptoms start Wait at least 6 months after symptoms start
No Zika virus symptoms Wait at least 8 weeks after exposure Wait at least 8 weeks after exposure.
Talk with your health care provider